Module 2 handout

Module 2 Handout

Evidence-Based Treatments (EBTs) for Depression
What are Evidence-Based Treatments (EBT)?

• EBTs apply the best available evidence gained from scientific research to decision-making about treatment. • EBTs are shown in randomized clinical trials to be effective in reducing symptoms of a particular disorder and/or improving functioning
Types of EBTs for Depression
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

Brief, structured treatment that focuses on the relationship Maladaptive cognitive styles are identified and more realistic and Behavioral change such as engagement in mood elevating activities is Also includes relaxation, problem solving and goal setting Therapist-as-coach model
Mindfulness-based CBT

 Derived from a mindfulness-based stress reduction program with
the primary goal of preventing depression relapse.  Combines mindfulness techniques with aspects of cognitive therapy  Mindfulness techniques include bringing attention to the present experience, focusing on the breath, detaching from negative thoughts, accepting difficulties, and cultivating self-compassion. Family Talk Preventive Intervention
This was written by Beardslee WR, Martin JL, and Gladstone TR (copyright 2009). This work was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the Sidney J. Baer, Jr. Foundation, and the William T. Grant Foundation. Supporting institutions include the Department of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital Boston and the Judge Baker Children's Center. Module 2 Handout
 Includes a plan for strategies to use when relapse is suspected Module 2 Handout

Evidence-Based Treatments (EBTs) for Depression Con’d
Interpersonal therapy (IPT)

Brief, structured treatment that focuses on interpersonal problems commonly experienced by depressed individuals. Involves decreasing an individual’s psychosocial problems through education and practice Central goals are improving interpersonal interactions and communications Pharmacological Therapy
A physiological effect of depression is to decrease available neurotransmitters, or chemical messengers, in the brain, especially serotonin, acetylcholine and norepinephrine Medications help to increase the availability of these neurotransmitters to more typical levels Medications include: -Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, e.g., Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paroxetine (Paxil), Sertraline (Zoloft) -Norepinephrine Selective Reuptake Inhibitors, e.g., Reboxetine (Vestra), Desipramine (Norpramin, Pertofrane) -Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors, e.g., Venlafaxine (Effexor) -Tricyclic Antidepressants, Amitriptyline (Elavil), Imipramine (Janimine, Tofranil), Trimipramine (Surmontil) TCA Examples of non-pharmacological options include omega 3 fatty acids The Depression reading list handout lists helpful websites and books to learn more about pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for depression. For exampl


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