Microsoft word - carbaryl dust_50_dp.doc

Carbaryl is a carbamate compound, which inhibits
cholinesterase. It is toxic. Contact with skin, inhalation of Product Name:
dust or spray, or swallowing may be fatal. Fire and explosion hazard:
Slight fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Dust-air Registration Holder: Universal Crop Protection (Pty) mixtures may ignite or explode.
Biological Hazard:
Likely routes of exposure: May be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, through the intact skin, and through Eye contact:
The product is minimal y toxic, however caution should be practiced when handling the product. The talc in the Website:
Distributed by:
Greena Gardens (Pty) Ltd.
Skin contact:
The product is minimal y toxic, however caution should be practiced when handling the product. Carbaryl and Talc is
Toxic by ingestion. See point 4 for symptoms. Website:
Toxic by inhalation. See point 4 for symptoms. The carrier, 24 Hour Emergency response:
talc, in the formulation can be irritating to the respiratory In case of Poisoning:
Tygerberg Poisoning Information Centre: (021) 931 6129 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
Griffon Poison Information Centre: 082 446 8946 Proper care should be taken during occupational use to 2. COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
avoid any inhalation of dust particles, and to prevent accidental contamination of food products and water. Common name:
Acute aspiration of talc, the carrier in Carbaryl Dust
Chemical Name: 1-naphthyl methylcarbamate (IUPAC) 50 DP, causes cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, sneezing,
CAS No.:
vomiting, cyanosis, and pulmonary edema which may Chemical Family: Carbamate 50 g/kg
be delayed up to several hours. Cardiorespiratory Chemical Formula: C12H11NO2
arrest may occur following severe aspiration. Molecular weight: 201.2
residual contact and stomach poison When inhaled, the first effects of cholinesterase inhibition for the control of insect pests as listed are usually respiratory and may include nasal hyperaemia on the label. and watery discharge, chest discomfort, dyspnea, and Formulation:
wheezing due to increased bronchial secretions and Symbols:
bronchoconstriction. Other systemic effects may begin Risk-phrase(s):
within a few minutes or several hours of exposure. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, 3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
abdominal cramps, headache, vertigo, ocular pain, ciliary muscle spasm, blurring or dimness of vision, miosis, or in Toxicity class:
some cases mydriasis, lacrimation, salivation, sweating, and confusion. In non-fatal cases, the il ness general y 5 mg/m3 Carbaryl
Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause effects as Main Hazard:
Remove from exposure area to fresh air immediately. If breathing has stopped, give mechanical artificial UNIVERSAL CARBARYL DUST 50 DP
respiration (not direct mouth-to-mouth). Maintain airway Repeated ingestion may cause effects as described in and blood pressure and administer oxygen if available. acute exposure. Keep affected person warm and at rest. Treat First aid: symptomatical y and supportively. Qualified personnel If person is alert and respiration is not depressed, give should perform administration of oxygen. Get medical syrup of Ipecac fol owed by water ( if vomiting occurs, keep attention immediately. head below hips to prevent aspiration). If consciousness Skin contact:
level declines or vomiting has not occurred in 15 minutes empty stomach by gastric lavage with the aid of cuffed Carbaryl Dust 50 DP may cause irritation. Localised endotracheal tube using isotonic saline or 5 % sodium
sweating and fasciculations may occur at the site of bicarbonate follow with activated charcoal. Establish and
contact. If sufficient amounts are absorbed through the maintain airway. Treat respiratory difficulty with artificial
skin, other effects of cholinesterase inhibition may occur as respiration and oxygen.
described in acute inhalation. Symptoms may be delayed Do not give morphine, aminophylline, phenothiazines,
for 2-3 hours, usually no more than 8 hours.
reserpine, furosemide, or ethacrynic acid. Drugs like
2 PAM are not effective in poisoning with Carbaryl.
Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause effects as AND SHOULD NOT BE USED.
described in acute exposure.
Treat symptomatical y and supportively. Qualified medical personnel must perform administration of oxygen and Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Wash gastric lavage. Get medical attention immediately.
contaminated areas with soap and water fol owed by Advice to physician:
alcohol. Emergency personnel should wear gloves and Antidote:
avoid contamination. Treat respiratory difficulty with The fol owing antidote has been recommended: Atropine.
mechanical artificial respiration. Get medical attention However, the decision as to whether the severity of
poisoning requires administration of any antidote and Eye contact:
actual dose required should be made by qualified medical Direct contact may cause pain, hyperaemia, lacrimation, For cholinesterase inhibitors: Establish clear airway and twitching of the eyelids, miosis, and ciliary muscle spasm tissue oxygenation by aspiration of secretions, and if with loss of accommodation, blurred or dimmed vision and necessary, by assisted pulmonary ventilation with oxygen. browache. Sometimes mydriasis may occur instead of Improve tissue oxygenation as much as possible before miosis. With sufficient exposure, other symptoms of administrating atropine to minimise the risk of ventricular cholinesterase inhibition may occur as described in acute fibril ation. Administer atropine sulphate intravenously, or inhalation. intramuscularly if iv injection is not possible. In moderately severe poisoning administer atropine sulphate, 0.4-2.0 mg Prolonged exposure may cause effects as described in repeated every 15 minutes, until atropinization is achieved acute exposure. Some compounds have caused toxic (tachycardia, flushing, dry mouth, mydriasis). Maintain effects on the crystalline lens, conjunctival thickening and atropinization by repeated doses for 2-12 hours, or longer, obstruction of nasolacrimal canals when used as miotic depending on the severity of poisoning. The appearance eye drops. of rales in the lung bases, miosis, salivation, nausea, Irrigate eyes with water or saline solution. If symptoms of atropinization. Severely poisoned individuals may exhibit poisoning occur, treat respiratory difficulty with mechanical remarkable tolerance to atropine. Two or more times the artificial respiration and oxygen. Observe patient for at dosages suggested above may be needed. Persons not least 24-36 hours. Get medical attention immediately. poisoned or only slightly poisoned, however, may develop Qualified medical personnel should administer oxygen. signs of atropine toxicity from such large dosages: fever, Ingestion:
muscle fibril ations, and delirium are main signs of atropine toxicity. If these signs appear while the patient is ful y When ingested, the first effects may be nausea, vomiting, atropinized, anorexia, abdominal cramps, and diarrhoea. With discontinued, at least temporarily. Observe treated patients absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, the other effects closely at least 24 hours to ensure that symptoms of cholinesterase inhibition as described in acute inhalation (possibly pulmonary oedema) do not recur as may occur. Symptoms may begin within minutes or be atropinization wears off. In very severe poisonings, delayed several hours. metabolic disposition of toxicant may require several hours or days during which atropinization must be maintained. Markedly lower levels of urinary metabolites indicate that UNIVERSAL CARBARYL DUST 50 DP
atropine dosage can be tapered off. As dosage is reduced, material far ahead of spil for later disposal. Keep check the lung bases frequently for rales. If rales are heard spectators away. Isolate hazard area and deny entry. or other symptoms return, re-establish atropinization Ventilate closed spaces before entering. promptly. 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Fire and explosion hazard:
Toxic by inhalation or if swal owed. Avoid contact with Slight fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Dust-air eyes, prolonged contact with skin, and inhalation of dust mixtures may ignite or explode. and vapour. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash hands Extinguishing agents:
before eating, drinking, chewing gum, smoking, or using Extinguish smal fires with carbon dioxide, dry powder, the toilet. Remove clothing immediately if this product gets Halon, water spray, or alcohol-resistant foam. Water spray inside. Then wash skin thoroughly using a non-abrasive can be used for cooling of unaffected stock, but avoid soap and put on clean clothing. Do not apply directly to water coming in contact with the product. Contain water areas where surface water is present, or to intertidal areas used for fire fighting for later disposal below the mean high water mark. Water used to clean Fire fighting:
equipment must be disposed of correctly to avoid Move containers from fire area if possible. Fight fire from contamination.
maximum distance. Stay away from storage tank ends. Storage:
Contain fire control water for later disposal. Do not scatter The product must be kept under lock and key. Keep out of
material, extinguish only if flow can be stopped. Use reach of unauthorised persons, children and animals.
flooding amounts of water as a fog as solid streams may Store in its original label ed container in shaded, wel -
be ineffective. Cool containers with flooding amounts of ventilated area, away from heat, sparks and other sources
water as far a distance as possible. Use water spray to of ignition. Not to be stored next to foodstuffs and water
absorb toxic vapours. Avoid breathing toxic vapours. supplies. Local regulations should be complied with.
Keep upwind. Consider evacuation of downwind area if
material is leaking.
Special Hazards:
Fire may produce irritating or poisonous vapours (carbon Occupational exposure limits:
monoxide and nitrogen oxides), mists or other products of Carbaryl:
Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Personal protective equipment:
Carbaryl dust may be transported in the smoke from a Talc:
fire. Fire fighters and others that may be exposed should Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time Weighted wear ful protective clothing and self-contained breathing Average: 2 mg/cu m (resp). Containing no asbestos and Engineering control measures:
It is essential to provide adequate ventilation. The measures appropriate for a particular worksite depend on Personal precautions:
how this material is used and on the extent of exposure. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not breathe in dust. Ensure that control systems are properly designed and For personal protection see Section 8. Environmental precautions:
environmental, fire, and other applicable regulations. Do not al ow entering drains or watercourses. When the PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
product contaminates public waters, inform appropriate If engineering controls and work practices are not effective
authorities immediately in accordance with local in controlling exposure to this material, then wear suitable
personal protective equipment including approved Occupational spill:
Do not touch spil ed material. Stop leak if you can do so Respirator:
without risk. Use water spray to reduce dust (contain any An approved respirator suitable for protection from dusts
water used). Neutralise with sodium hydroxide and al ow and mists of pesticides is adequate. Limitations of
standing for 4 hours. For small spills, sweep up with respirator use specified by the approving agency and the
sand or other suitable absorbent material, such as manufacturer must be observed.
sawdust, and place into containers for later disposal. Move Clothing:
containers from spil area. For larger spills, contain
Employee must wear appropriate protective (impervious) 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
clothing and equipment to prevent repeated or prolonged
skin contact with the substance.
All data is for technical Carbaryl, except where mentioned.
Acute oral LD50:
Employee must wear appropriate synthetic protective 264 mg/kg in male rats. gloves to prevent contact with this substance. Eye protection:
The use of ful -face protection is recommended. Acute dermal LD50 :
Emergency eyewash: Where there is any possibility that > 4000 mg/kg in rats. an employee’s eyes may be exposed to this substance, > 2000 mg/kg in rabbits. the employer should provide an eye wash fountain or Although tests indicate high LD50 values, caution should be appropriate alternative within the immediate work area for practiced when handling the product. Acute inhalation LC50:
> 206.1 mg/ of air over 4 hours (rats). 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Acute skin irritation:
Carbaryl was found to be non-irritating to skin (rabbit).
Acute eye irritation:
Carbaryl was found to be non-irritating to eyes (rabbit), but
the talc in the formulation, can cause eye irritation. Dermal sensitisation:
Explosive properties:
Studies did not detect carcinogenic activity. No human Like most organic powders, under severe dusting conditions, this dust can form explosive mixtures in air. Teratogenicity:
Oxidising properties:
Studies did not detect any teratogenic effects. No human Mutagenicity:
Studies did not detect any mutagenic effects. No human Bulk density:
Stable in neutral and acidic media, but hydrolysed in alkaline media to 1-naphthol. Rapidly converted by Degradability:
oxidising agents. Stable in light and heat. In soil, the active ingredient is metabolised to form 1- Solubility in water:
naphthol. The half-life of the product is 7-14 days in sandy Not soluble in water. Does not wet or suspend in water. loam soils and 14-28 days in clay loam. Soils with high organic matter content retain residues for longer periods 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
The product is adsorbed on soil and is unlikely to leach Stable up to 2 years under normal storage conditions. into water sources. Stable in neutral and acidic media, but hydrolysed by Accumulation:
concentrated alkalis to form 1-naphthol. Half life is 12 days The product adsorbs to soil but shows little or no tendency (pH 7) and 3.2 days (pH 9). The rate of decomposition to bio-accumulate. Carbaryl has very limited persistence
increases at higher temperatures. Carbaryl is stable to in the environment.
Birds: Minimal y toxic to birds.
The product is ready for use and should not be mixed with Acute oral LD50: Hazardous decomposition:
Toxic oxides of nitrogen are released when the product Fish: Toxic to fish.
10 mg/ (bluegil sunfish) Shipping name: (Carbaryl 50 g/kg)
Bees: Toxic to bees.
Daphnia: Very toxic to Daphnia.
Acute toxicity to Daphnia magna: EC Earthworms: Toxic for earthworms.
Beneficial insects: Toxic to beneficial insects.
Soil micro-organisms:
Various soil fungi are able to metabolize Carbaryl and in
soils previously treated with carbamates and cloethocarb, 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
80% of Carbaryl was completely mineralized to carbon Symbol:
dioxide during a four-week incubation period. Indication of danger: Harmful, Environmental y
EU Classification:
Risk phrases:
Pesticide disposal:
Contaminated absorbents, surplus product, etc., should be R 36/37
Irritating to eyes and respiratory system. burned at 1000oC in a high-temperature incinerator with R 40
effluent gas scrubbing. Where no incinerator is available, R 50
hydrolysis under alkaline conditions (pH 12 or above) is a Safety phrases:
suitable method to dispose of smal quantities of the S 2
product. Before disposal of the resultant waste, the S 22
material must be analysed to ensure that the active S 24/25
ingredient has been degraded to a safe level. Never pour S 36/37
Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. untreated waste or surplus products into public sewers or S 46
where there is any danger of run-off or seepage into water systems. Comply with local legislation applying to waste S 61
Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions on the label and MSDS. Package product wastes:
National legislation:
If container is broken, handle with rubber gloves. Emptied In accordance with the South African National Road Traffic
containers retain vapour and product residues. Observe Act, 1996 (Act 93 of 1996), the Fire Brigade Act, 1987 (Act
all labelled safeguards until container is destroyed. 99 of 1987) and the Occupational Health and Safety Act,
Combustible containers should be disposed of in pesticide 1993 (Act. No. 85 of 1993)
incinerators. Non-combustible containers must be
punctured and transported to a scrap metal facility for 16. OTHER INFORMATION:
recycling or disposal.
Packing and Labeling
Packed in 250 g & 500 g plastic containers and labelled according to South African regulations and guidelines. UN NUMBER
Carbamate pesticide, solid, toxic All information and instructions provided in this Material (Carbaryl 50 g/kg)
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) are based on the current state of scientific and technical knowledge at the date indicated on the present MSDS and is presented in good faith IMDG/IMO
believed to be correct. This information applies to the PRODUCT AS SUCH. In case of formulations or mixes, it is necessary to ascertain that a new danger will not Marine polutant
appear. It is the responsibility of persons in receipt of this Carbamate pesticide, solid, toxic MSDS to ensure that the information contained herein is (Carbaryl 50 g/kg)
properly read and understood by all people who may use, AIR/IATA
handle, dispose or in any way come in contact with the product. If the recipient subsequently produces formulation(s) containing this product, it is the recipient’s UNIVERSAL CARBARYL DUST 50 DP
sole responsibility to ensure the transfer of al relevant
information from this MSDS to their own MSDS.
Compiled: November 2004
Revised: June 2013


Look for Danger * Must Look for Danger and wear Gloves , Goggles| Take Action to Remove Danger or Remove Pt from Danger | Take Control of Situation| Gets Bystanders to Assist Elicit a Response Talk & Touch | Use (COWS) Can you hear me, Open your Eyes, What’s your name, Squeeze my Hands to Determine Conscious State and apply either AVPU or GCS | Gains Consent to look after casu


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